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Namasthe Telangana!-Namasthe Telangana

Ahead of summer, ground water levels across the state are receding. Compared to the same period in Nirudu, the groundwater level has dropped to an average depth of 1.50 meters.

February 26, 2024 / 04:10 AM IST

  • 1.5 meter drop compared to Niruti
  • 30 lakh borewells are questionable
  • Rapidly receding ground water
  • It is doubtful that 45 lakh acres will be cultivated
  • Ground water level is 6.8 to 7.72m
  • More dire is the situation in the Krishna basin
  • Unexpected release of water from projects
  • The government does not fill the ponds like in the past
  • Worse things lie ahead

The ground water level is dropping fast before summer. Cultivation in lakhs of acres has become questionable as the government is counting fish without releasing water from the projects, filling canals and check dams. As the canals did not drain, the use of boreholes increased. As a result, the ground water is gradually falling to a depth that does not reach the bores, and the farmers are worried. Not knowing what the future situation is, the farmers started to panic.

The ground water level across the state which was 6.8 meters last year has dropped to 7.72 meters. Ground water situation is worse in Krishna basin. As many projects including Sagar and Srisailam have reached dead storage, the officials are suggesting that there should be no cultivation in Yasangi, which is disturbing the farmers.

Dry Crops M

Hyderabad, February 25 (Namaste Telangana): Before the summer, ground water is receding across the state. Compared to the same period in Nirudu, the groundwater level has dropped to an average depth of 1.50 meters. The state recorded 914 mm of rainfall as against 859 mm of rainfall in December last year. That means 6 percent more rainfall has been recorded. However, groundwater is evaporating rapidly. The ground water level across the state was 6.8 meters last month, but now it has dropped to 7.72 meters.

According to the report of the concerned department, only four districts of the state have water level below 5 meters, 25 districts have 10 meters and remaining four districts have groundwater more than 10 meters deep. The reason for this is that the projects did not release the water as expected and the ponds were not properly filled as in the past. In the past, the BRS government regularly filled the ponds and check dams so that the ground water was stable even in hot summers. Now the situation is different. Due to the lack of water in canals and ponds as expected, the ground water is depleting rapidly as the farmers depend on bore wells.

Even worse in the Krishna Basin

Groundwater situation in Krishna basin across the state is worse this year. As the projects in the basin did not receive the expected level of flood, the projects were not fully filled. Many projects including Srisailam and Sagar are already nearing dead storage. Officials announced that it is better not to plant crops in Yasangi as the projects are not full. Some of the farmers in the basin are cultivating Yasangi crops depending on the bore wells, so the ground water in the basin is depleting faster. 3.57 meters in Nagarkurnool district, 3.41 meters in Nalgonda, 3.26 meters in Vikarabad, 3.12 meters in Mahabubnagar, 2.93 meters in Rangareddy, 2.72 meters in Narayanapet, 2.74 meters in Suryapet and 2.38 meters in Yadadri Bhuvanagiri district. there is

The same is true in the Godavari basin

Inspite of abundant rains and expected floods, the groundwater situation in the Godavari basin this year remains marginal. In many districts the ground water level is dropping significantly compared to last year. Since the Kaleshwaram project became available in 2019, there has been an opportunity to utilize Godavari waters perfectly. With that project, the projects of ESSRSP, Ellampalli, Nizamsagar, Singur, Upper Maneru, Lower Maneru, Kadem, Varadakaluva and other projects were connected and the water was lifted from time to time as required and thus the ponds under the respective projects were regularly filled with water. The government is not doing that this year in the name of Madigadda damage. No filling of ponds and check dams. As a result, the groundwater in the basin is depleting faster than the water table. Except for Hanumakonda, the ground water level in all other districts of the Godavari basin has fallen to a depth this year.

Pond

Can be seen in May

Even in the month of May, the underground water did not decrease at all. 20 districts had only 2.39 meters of groundwater. In 13 districts the ground water has decreased to some extent. Out of total 33 districts, groundwater is available at a depth of 5-10 meters in 24 districts, at a depth of 10-15 meters in the remaining 8 districts, and at a depth of more than 15 meters in one district. At present, the situation is different. The ground water level fell by 1.50 meters across the state in the month of February itself.

More than 40 percent are recharged through other means

The main reasons for the fall in the ground water level are the lack of water supply to the projects in the Krishna basin, non-filling of water ponds in the Godavari basin, and non-full supply of water through canals. In fact, ponds, canals, projects, check dams, parole recharge structures play a vital role in raising the groundwater level. In this, more than 10 percent of the groundwater level is recharged through canals and ponds. This time, due to non-filling of the ponds and lack of supply of irrigation water through canals, the underground water recharge has decreased to that extent. Due to the lack of water supply through those channels, the peasantry was completely dependent on ground water. Everywhere water is pumped through boreholes for 24 hours. As a result, it is understood that the ground water level in the state is falling faster than before.

Yasangi under borewells is questionable

As the underground water level is falling, the wells which were filled till yesterday are now roaring. It has become a routine to dig holes in tens of hundreds of feet and they are not flowing because they cannot get water. Cultivating half an acre or an acre has become the norm. The previous government gradually filled up the ponds and irrigated nearly 45 lakh acres under 30 lakh boreholes without any problem. At present the situation of that ayakattu has become questionable. Farmers fell into a state of disorientation due to the plight of not even half of it being harvested at the field level. Farmers are struggling to save their crops.

The fields are blooming

The name of the farmer in the photo is Chandu Gangaram. There is a three-and-a-half acre farm under the Nizamsagar distributary canal on the outskirts of Budmi village in Bansuwada mandal of Kamareddy district. During the reign of KCR government, there was no shortage of electricity and irrigation water and he used to grow abundant crops. The current situation is different from this. The crops are not irrigated and the fields are flooded. If it is a step to release water according to the requirement of the farmers, he is worried that there is a possibility of damage to the crops due to regular release of leakage water. Gangaram expresses his concern that irrigation problems in Yasangi are inevitable.

Just here..

The name of the farmer in this photo is Kopai Jalandar. He has a three acre farm in Lolam village of Indalwai mandal of Nizamabad district. While there are ponds nearby, he has also dug a hole in the field and has been cultivating rice since ten years. Irrigation problems have never arisen. This time also he is cultivating rice. Boru was removed ten days ago. Along with underground water, the water in the ponds has also decreased. Due to this, he is expressing his grief as the entire paddy crop that he has received is drying up. If the situation is like this now, he is worried about what will happen in the coming days.

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Pees are falling

What is the use of three acres of land? Boilers do not have water everywhere. If we think that it will be a celebration, our lives are coming to a standstill. An acre of rice and an acre and a half of maize were planted. I thought the crops would grow well. For this Rs. 30 thousand brought investment. When the senna is good for the stomach, the mackerel leaves are drying up. The water of the wells is not eternal. It’s getting harder by the hour. It seems to fall on the money brought. If you think time is good, time is bad. If you think that it will rain then or now, it will not rain. Before the water reaches Ellaka Senu Sethi, the pebbles are falling. We will survive only if the Sesi government supports us. Otherwise they will not give loans. Evasam Sesudu is also a dam.

– Dontaraboina Rajaiah, Farmer, Husnabad, Siddipet District

Water has not been spilled.. Senu has dried up

We have a three acre farm. One and a half acre of houses is planted with rice. We thought earlier that the water would be golden during the dry season and put half of it. For this Rs. 30 thousand invested. Last time also the paddy was dry. Arapalli used to pour water into the ponds. This time the water was not spilled. Our army is all dry. The paddy is dried up after picking the paddy. Water is flowing for an hour a day. The sakkaga field was not cultivated. Don’t put water in the village ponds. But the field dried up.

– Chennuri Venkatesham, Farmer, Husnabad, Siddipet District

Five-year-old Sandi can never be seen like this

We are now seeing this situation after five years. Canals are never without water. During the rainy season, Yasangi used to get full of water. These seven chili crops were badly damaged. We removed the peppercorns and planted a field of maize and rice in Yasangi. If water is left once a week, they are enough to wet the canal. Small canals are not coming. Water from the wells was coming every two to three hours. That is why we are taking the depth with a crane. If water is not left in the canals, it will be difficult to grow crops.

-Ajmira Srinu, Gopatanda, Mahbubabad

Already drilled 13 boreholes

I have a 6-acre cotton garden in my village. Water or crop is stopped. 13 boreholes were drilled in the last month. Rs. 2.75 lakhs was spent. Each bore is drilled from 180 to 230 feet. However, only one bore is giving an inch of water. If the government had given water to the left canal of Sagar, the ground water would have risen to some extent and the battai plantations would not have dried up. Now the financial burden has increased and there is a situation of not knowing what to do.

-Jerripotula Janaiah, Farmer, Konathalapalli, Tripuraram Mandal, Nalgonda

Even if 450 feet bore is made, water cannot fall

Previously sanctioned Eenam land in SC Corporation was planted in 1.10 acres of Battai garden. The hole made then has dried up now. There is a situation where water or trees are dried up. I have never seen such irrigation problems in recent years. Another hole is being dug in the garden to protect the trees. Even if we dig a 450 feet deep borehole in our village, no trace of water can be found. I do not believe that water will fall even after spending so much money on digging a hole. May God protect the garden.

– Lakumala Madhubabu, Errabelli, Nidamanur mandal, Nalgonda

The article is in Telugu

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