Land Dispute | Land dispute: NCRB reports increase in killings in Bihar

Land Dispute | Land dispute: NCRB reports increase in killings in Bihar
Land Dispute | Land dispute: NCRB reports increase in killings in Bihar
It found that every five murders in Bihar last year were over disputes over assets or land. Murders for property have been on the rise in the state for the last three years. According to the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) 2021 estimate, out of 1081 murders in Bihar due to various disputes, 635 (59%) were related to property or land.

Uttar Pradesh is second with 227 cases. Maharashtra is in the third position with 172 cases reported. According to the NCRB, 2,488 murders in the country last year were related to property disputes. A total of 2799 murder cases were recorded in Bihar. That means one in five murders is related to a property dispute.

According to the NCRB, similar killings have taken place in Bihar in previous years as well. In 2020, 2019, 2018 and 2017, there were 815, 782, 1,016 and 939 murders related to property or land disputes respectively.

Why are there so many property problems in Bihar?

Experts also opined that social environment, economic backwardness, flood-prone geographical structure etc. contribute to such disputes.

“Today’s society has moved away from the joint family system. Therefore, the situation arose where the assets had to be divided. Land is the most valuable asset for the Bihari community. Hence family members and neighbors fight over land. Financially struggling family members demand more land share. Such problems create various types of conflicts within the family and in the society,” explained Dr Aviral Pandey, Assistant Professor at AN Sinha Institute of Social Studies, Patna.

Recently, the land mafia in Darbanga tried to burn three members of a family alive. Pandey added that the reason was a land dispute between relatives.

Bihar is a relatively rural state. According to the 2011 census, more than 88 percent of the state’s population lives in the hinterland. But now there is a desire among people to move to cities.

‘Everybody wants to buy land or an apartment in cities. Hence the cost of space in cities is increasing. Hence, there are many land disputes in these areas. That is, urbanization has also become a major cause of land disputes.’ Dr. Pandey pointed out.

Delays in settling cases related to land title, inheritance, ownership and transfer etc. are also making people uneasy. According to the ‘Access to Justice Survey, 2016’, 66.2 percent of the total civil cases in India are related to land or property disputes.

Dr said that the government should give priority to eliminate land related issues and complete online mapping as soon as possible. Pandey suggests. He added that Bhoomi should be linked with Aadhaar.

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Tags: Land Dispute Land dispute NCRB reports increase killings Bihar

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