Kerala has made a proud leap forward in controlling infant and under-five mortality. According to the 2020 report released by the Registrar General of India, the neonatal mortality rate in Kerala has come down to only four per thousand. In the 2019 report, it was six per thousand. The death rate of children under five years of age in Kerala is eight per thousand. In 2019, it was nine per thousand. Kerala is now leading in the country in controlling the death rate in both the sectors.
As part of the Sustainable Development Goals, it was envisioned to reduce the infant mortality rate to less than twelve per thousand by 2030. Apart from Kerala, Delhi (nine), Tamil Nadu (nine), Maharashtra (11), Jammu and Kashmir (12) and Punjab (12) have achieved this target. The target is to reduce the under-five mortality rate to 25 per thousand. Kerala is followed by Tamil Nadu (13), Delhi (14), Jammu and Kashmir (17), Maharashtra (18), Karnataka (21), Punjab (22), Bengal (22), Telangana (23), Gujarat (24) and Himachal Pradesh. (24) and achieve this goal. Their all-India average is 20 and 32.
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