Mumbai: Mother Teresa, who served lepers and orphans, and Acharya Vinoba Bhave, a great freedom fighter and father of the Bhudan movement, were honored with the Bharat Ratna award on this day, January 25. Also Acharya Vinoba Bhave, the father of Bhudan movement, was posthumously honored with the Bharat Ratna Award in 1983. Along with these events, other important events that happened on this day in history are as follows,
1971- Full statehood to Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh was formed by amalgamating 30 Himalayan mountain regions. When the state of Punjab came into existence on 1 November 1966, some other related areas were merged with Himachal. Himachal Pradesh got full statehood on 25 January 1971.
1971: Idi Amin, a military junta, seizes power in Uganda
Ugandan army chief Idi Amin seized power from the democratic government of President Milton Obote in a military coup on 25 January 1971. Obote has led Uganda since its independence in 1962. On 25 January 1971, he was in Singapore to attend the Commonwealth Summit at the time of the coup. At that time, Army chief Idi Amin took power.
1980- Bharat Ratna Award resumed
Bharat Ratna, the country’s highest civilian award, was discontinued in 1977. The award was resumed from January 25, 1980.
1980- Bharat Ratna to Mother Teresa
Mother Teresa was honored with the Bharat Ratna Award on 25 January 1980 in recognition of her work in serving lepers and orphans. Mother Teresa dedicated her life to serve the poor people of the country. He started his work in India. Mother Teresa was approved to establish Missionaries of Charity on October 7, 1950. Mother Teresa established this institution in Kolkata and started her social work. Today, hundreds of orphanages and hospitals are working across the country through his organization. Millions of people have connected with him through this. Mother Teresa was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979 for her work.
1983- Posthumous Bharat Ratna to Vinoba Bhave
Vinayak Narahari Bhave aka Vinoba Bhave was born on 11 September 1895 in Gagod village of Raigad district. Acharya Vinoba Bhave was a freedom fighter, social reformer and spiritual master. He worked on the ideology of Mahatma Gandhi throughout his life. Vinoba followed the principles of non-violence and equality. He dedicated his life to the service of poor and Dalits and fought for their rights throughout his life. Vinoba Bhave started the Bhudan movement. Vinoba Bhave was honored with the Ramon Magsaysay Award in 1958 in recognition of his work. He was the first Indian to receive this award. He was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna on 25 January 1983.
2005- Mandharadevi Yatra stampede, 300 devotees killed
A stampede took place on January 25, 2005 during the Mandhardevi Yatra in Satara. A shocking incident took place in which 300 devotees died. Thousands of devotees come from Maharashtra and Karnataka for this three-day long Yatra.