Russia-Ukraine War: It has been more than 6 months since the war between Russia and Ukraine began. But the battle has not reached any conclusion so far. Meanwhile, the European Union is now sending anti-radiation medicine to Ukraine to deal with any nuclear accident. This is being done because Ukraine’s largest nuclear power plant is still occupied by the Russian army.
Europe’s largest Zaporizhzhya Nuclear Plant (Zaporizhzhia) was occupied by the Russian army just a week after the start of the war. Due to the possession of the Russian army, there is always a risk of nuclear accident or radiation leak here.
Ukraine’s President Volodymyr Zelenskiy said the Russian military’s capture of the Zaporizhia Nuclear Plant was still risky and dangerous. They have demanded that the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) should visit the plant at the earliest. Zelensky has feared that if the reactors are disconnected due to any action of the Russian army, then there could be a big accident here again.
This is the reason that now 55 lakh doses of anti-radiation drug are being sent to Ukraine. The European Union issued a press release saying that in view of the fear of a nuclear accident, 5.5 million potassium iodide tablets are being sent to Ukraine. Of these, 50 lakh are being sent to the European Union and 5 lakh to Austria. Its price is 5 lakh euros (about Rs 4 crore).
What is this medicine?
If there is a nuclear accident or a nuclear attack, radiation is released from it. If there is a nuclear attack, then it is almost impossible to escape from it. But if a nuclear accident happens and radiation leaks then it can be avoided. This medicine will come in handy.
This medicine is potassium iodide, which blocks the release of radioactive iodine from the body. As soon as this medicine is taken, the thyroid gland gets blocked, due to which radioactive iodine is not able to enter. The thyroid gland is very sensitive.
How does this medicine work?
Iodine is very important for our body. This iodine is stored in the thyroid gland. When radiation leaks out, radioactive iodine is released. Since the thyroid gland is very sensitive, it cannot recognize non-radioactive iodine and radioactive iodine.
When radiation leaks, radioactive iodine can enter the body through breathing or through food. When this happens, the radiation spreads inside the body. This drug of potassium iodide blocks the thyroid gland, so that radioactive iodine does not accumulate and radiation can be avoided.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), potassium iodide medicine can be taken before or after radiation leaks. This medicine causes iodine to accumulate in the thyroid gland. In such a situation, even if radioactive iodine leaks, it cannot be deposited in the thyroid gland.
How important is this medicine?
When radioactive iodine is released, it can come into contact with the body in two ways. First external and second internal. On external exposure, this radioactive iodine accumulates on the skin, which can be removed with soap or warm water.
But on internal contact, it accumulates in the thyroid gland, which increases the risk of thyroid cancer. Children are at greatest risk from this.
According to WHO, in 1986 there was an accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Plant in Ukraine. Due to this, radioactive iodine had gone into the body of children through milk and food. Due to this, cases of thyroid cancer were also reported in children of 4 to 5 years.
How important is the Zaporizhia Power Plant?
– The Zaporizhia Nuclear Power Plant was built between 1984 and 1995. It is the largest nuclear power plant in Europe and the 9th largest in the world.
There are 6 reactors in this power plant. Each reactor generates 950 MW of electricity, while the combined power generation is 5,700 MW. It generates 25 percent of Ukraine’s electricity.
– This power plant is located in the city of Enerhodar, situated near the Dnieper River of Ukraine. The plant is 200 km from Donbass province and 550 km from the capital Kyiv.